Since the early 16th century, cricket has been one of the most popular sports in the world. In the world of cricket, the Cricket World Cup is the pinnacle of the international game. The T20 World Cup, Test Series, and One Day Series are some of the other major cricket events that occur annually. There are a number of domestic competitions throughout each nation that can be very competitive.
Rules of Cricket
- There are 11 players on each of the two teams.
- An over needs to be constituted by 6 legal deliveries from the bowler.
- Two umpires must be positioned at each end of the wicket during a game. There are two things that the umpires must do then, count the number of balls in the over, decide whether the batsman is out after he has appealed, and determine whether the bowler has bowled a legally bound delivery.
- When a batsman is given out, he can be either bowled or he can be run out ( when the ball strikes their stumps) , caught (the ball is caught by the fielder without the ball bouncing), Leg Before Wicket (the ball contacts the batsman’s pads, causing it to move in the opposite direction towards the stumps), stumped (when the wicket-keeper strikes the stumps with his gloves while the batsmen are outside of his crease with the ball in his hands), hit wickets (the batsman bats on his own wickets), Handled ball (a deliberate manipulation of the ball occurs when the batsman tries to catch the cricket ball), timed out (the player fails to reach the crease within 30 seconds of the previous batsmen leaving the field), hit ball twice (batsmen hits the cricket ball twice with their bat) and obstruction ( the batsmen purposely prevents the fielder from getting the ball).
- The test cricket matches are played over a period of five days, and each team will have two innings (or two chances to bat).
- At the end of each inning, the scores are tallied up, and the team with the most points is declared the winner.
- There are 50 overs in a one-day cricket match. After each team bats and bowls for 50 overs, they will switch and do the previous discipline. By the end of the match, the team with the most runs will be declared the winner.
- The third and fourth umpires in international games will also be known as the third and fourth umpires. The functions of these offices are to review any decisions taken by the on-field umpires if they are unable to do so.
- There must be a wicket-keeper in every fielding team, and he or she is the only one permitted to wear pads and gloves on the field. A wicket-keeper stands opposite the bowler at the opposite end in order to catch the ball being thrown by the bowler.
Object of the Game
During a match of cricket, the object is to score more runs than the other team. Each of the three versions of the game – ‘Test’, ‘One Day, and ‘T20’ – has a different timeframe during which the game has to be completed.
It is important to strike the ball with a cricket bat made of wood (usually English willow or Kashmir) in order to score a run. As well as bowling and fielding, one team must also bowl at the same time. As many runs as possible must be bowled out by the opposing team or at least be limited to a minimum in the time allocated for the match. It is the goal of the teams to switch roles when one of the teams loses all of its wickets or when the allotted time expires.
Players & Equipment
There are eleven players on each team. From batsmen to bowlers, fielders to wicket keepers, these eleven players will play distinct roles in the team. Each player may have a particular role that they specialize in, but they can also take on any other position should they wish to do so.
Cricket pitches vary greatly in size, but they usually consist of circular grass ground with a circumference of about 200 meters. Around the outer edge of the field is what’s known as the boundary line, and it basically defines the boundary between what’s in play and what isn’t.
There will be a wicket in the middle of the pitch. At each end of the wicket, there will be two sets of three stumps, with the distance between them being 22 yards. There is a line drawn about 2 yards from each stump across the wicket, which is the crease, which is located at each end of the wicket. During the cricket match, the bowler will bowl the cricket ball toward the batsmen, while the batsman will try to hit a cricket ball towards the bowler.
The batsmen take part in the sport wearing a wide variety of padding, which includes leg guards, gloves, thigh guards, inner thigh guards, a box, a helmet, and a chest guard. There are no exceptions to the rule that all players must wear spiked shoes and white clothing, except in the case of short games where the players may wear colored clothing.
The cricket ball is a cylindrical ball made of cork that will either be red (in case of a test match) or white (in case of a one-day match).
When a batsman hits a ball with his bat and the two batsmen at the wicket successfully run to the other side, that is the definition of a run. There is no limit to how many times the batsmen can run before they are given out. There is a 4 run rule if the ball crosses the boundary rope after it has bounced at least once since leaving the bat after it crossed the rope. If the ball does not bounce after going over the boundary rope, six runs are awarded to the batting team in this case.
As well as wide deliveries (a ball that is too far away from the stumps), no balls (where the bowler oversteps the front line on the wicket), byes (where nobody touches the ball but the two batsmen keep running regardless), and leg byes (where the ball strikes the batsmen’s leg or body and the run is made as a result) you can also score runs when the bowler throws a wide delivery.).
Winning the Game
The first team to bat and the first team to the field will be chosen at random. As the batting side attempts to score as many runs as possible during the allotted amount of time the bowling side attempts to contain the run score by fielding the ball. Afterward, the teams switch places, and the second batting team will try to score more runs than their opponent did the first time around. If it fails, that team loses, if it succeeds, that team wins.
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